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【骨科英语】HIP FRACTURE -2016-07  

2016-07-21 20:35:41|  分类: 骨科英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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HIP FRACTURE


A hip fracture is a break at the top of the bone in the thigh called the femur. A hip fracture is more common in women than in men, and is most common in the elderly. As we grow older, our bones get thinner and weaker as a result of a condition called osteoporosis. This is especially true for women after menopause. The risk continues to increase with advancing age.


Hip fractures are generally a result of falls, but can also result from auto accidents and other trauma. People with hip fractures may have pain in the hip or Groin. Sometimes there is just pain in the knee, and not in the broken hip. The injured leg may turn out or look shorter than the non-injured leg.


Surgery is almost always needed after a hip fracture. Pins, nails, screws, or rods are used to repair fractures. Sometimes the top part (the head) of the thighbone, which is the ball part of the hip joint, has to be replaced. The replacement part is called a prosthesis.


Many patients with hip fractures benefit from rehabilitation. Rehabilitation usually starts as soon as the person is admitted to the hospital. The person may be asked to start walking the day after their surgery. Rehabilitation may continue after the return home from the hospital. About two-thirds of older adults are expected to return to their usual level of activity after treatment of a fractured hip.

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