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osteoporosis   

2014-05-16 06:43:51|  分类: 骨科英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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The osteoporosis condition can be present without any symptoms for decades, because osteoporosis doesn't cause symptoms unless bone fracture. ? Over the years, repeated spine fractures can cause chronic lower back pain as well as loss of height . Hip fractures typically occur as a result of a fall.We now know that one woman in three and one man in five over fifty will experience an osteoporotic fracture.

Risk factors fall into two main categories, modifiable and fixed.Modifiable risk factors primarily arise because of unhealthy diet or lifestyle choices. They include poor nutrition, low body mass index, eating disorders, alcohol, smoking, and insufficient exercise. ?Calcium is an essential part of bone mineral content. Vitamin D,mainly made in the skin on exposure to sunlight, is also essential.

Fixed risk factors are those that individuals are born with or cannot alter. They include age, gender, family history of fracture ,ethnicity, and the onset of early menopause. It ?is important to be aware of these fixed risks so steps can be taken to reduce loss of bone minerals.
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